Again, the evidence points to Imhotep. They multiplied in numbers and became very, very strong. The short sojourn theory has been advanced by Christians because of Paulâs statement in Galatians 3:17.  Aling, This was unique because the son of the pharaoh was usually the vizier. The Egyptians abhor facial hair and are a â¦ The complex at Sakkara is unique- nothing like it has ever been found. As a result, the land was filled with them. Now, let’s do some assuming for a moment- let’s assume that Joseph wrote a collection of wise sayings, of course, inspired by God. If we look at ancient Egyptian history, we can see evidence which shows that it was during the time of Djoser that Egypt became a truly great nation- after all, it had gathered the wealth of all the surrounding nations by selling them grain during the famine. When Joseph reported having dreams of his brothers, and even the stars and moon, bowing before him, their jealousy of Joseph grew into action. According to Genesis 41:33-36, after Joseph interprets Pharaoh's dream, Joseph gave this advise to Pharaoh: “Now therefore, let Pharaoh select a discerning and wise man, and set him over the land of Egypt. dangerous underground excavations explore radar anomalies, Underground chamber reveals Temple treasures, Ron Wyatt – Chromosome count in ‘blood’ sample. This was a “business” and would have required a center of administration. Apparently they donât let you be a Bible Scholar unless you show them that you donât believe a word of it. This Joseph became the most powerful man in the world. Joseph works as a slave, a practice that becomes widespread during the Middle Kingdom period. We know from the Bible that Joseph died in Egypt and was embalmed and placed in a coffin. Intermediate Period (2000-1500 BC in the orthodox chronology). In verse 24 she says, May â¦ For this reason, weknow that they were not built as tombs- if they were, they would have been constructed underground and they certainly would not have been so incredibly large. Among the historical enigmas that the Bible serves up to us is the identity of Josephâs Pharaoh, the one who made Joseph a ruler in Egypt. If Joseph became the “Priest of On”, was he being unfaithful to the true God? With the rise of the Hyksos they may have seen it advantageous to enslave the Hebrews.Â There is an implication in Exodus 1:11 that the children of Israel already had responsibilities, or âburdensâ before they were put under Egyptian taskmasters. Is there a connection between Joseph and dreams? When excavators continued to search for Imhotep’s tomb very near the Step Pyramid, they found an incredible labyrinth of underground tunnels, full of mummified ibis (birds) and bulls (in separate galleries). Amenemhat III is credited with the construction of a canal linking the Nile with the Fayoum Oasis, a canal that is known as the Bahr Yussef in Arabic, or Joseph Canal. After discovering Sarah's true relationship to Abraham, the pharaoh chooses not to take her as his own wife. PSA 78:5 For he established a testimony in Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers, that they should make them known to their children: 6 That the generation to come might know them, even the children which should be born; who should arise and declare them to their children: 7) “Guard against the vice of greed: a grievous sickness without cure. To date, nothing has been found of Imhotep’s works, however there are several works of “wise sayings” attributed to one “Ptahotep”, who is only known as a vizier of a king from the 5th dynasty. Grain Storage Bins (Originally published in Newsletter No. And ultimately, this kind of thinking leads a person to deny entirely the existence of God and the truth of the Bible. “Imhotep, the Voice of the God, Im (I AM)” 43 And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him ruler over all the land of Egypt. Rock in Horeb found near burnt mountain in Saudi Arabia. And Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt. The base was inscribed with the names of Djoser and of “Imhotep, Chancellor of the King of Lower Egypt, Chief under the King, Administrator of the Great Palace, Hereditary Lord, High Priest of Heliopolis, Imhotep the Builder, the Sculptor, the Maker of Stone Vases…”. Josephâs prediction and advice pleased Pharaoh and he made Joseph his second-in-command. However, in the pharaoh’s burial complex under the pyramid, we find matching bins for the king and his family’s afterlife- and in these bins were found grain and other food stuffs. ECC 6:2 A man to whom God hath given riches, wealth, and honour, so that he wanteth nothing for his soul of all that he desireth, yet God giveth him not power to eat thereof, but a stranger eateth it: this is vanity, and it is an evil disease. He gave Joseph his ring and dressed him in robes of linen with a gold chain around his neck. Joseph comes to Egypt as a common manâactually a slaveâand rises to become the right-hand man of the Pharaoh. Egyptian slaves were often given Egyptian names and we have texts where they are referred to as [Semitic name] , he who is called,[Egyptian name].Â Egyptian for, âhe who is calledâ, is, spelled phonetically, âZatenafâ.Â Kenneth Kitchen and David Rohl have(separately) identified âZaphnathâ as being a corruption of zatenaf. The majority of such modern scholars date Joseph to the Second Intermediate Period of Egyptian history, ca. But in 1926, the question was settled once and for all- Imhotep was a real man. The passages Genesis 12:10â20 narrate how Abraham moves to Egypt to escape a period of famine in Canaan. Here is a compilation of BC items bearing on this question, in order of publication date.. The name, Imhotep, in ancient Egyptian is translated to mean “the voice (or mouth) of Im”; however, there is no record of a god in Egypt called “Im”. We also know that when the famine began and the Egyptians began to cry for food, they were told to go to Joseph and do whatever he said, which indicates that he gave the orders for the distribution of the grain: GEN 41:55 And when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread: and Pharaoh said unto all the Egyptians, Go unto Joseph; what he saith to you, do. We aren’t told if Solomon was the author of all of these proverbs or whether they were passed down to him from his ancestors. Associates for Biblical Research, April 17, 2008. The Wisdom of Imhotep PRO 18:21 Death and life are in the power of the tongue: and they that love it shall eat the fruit thereof. For many years, Egyptologists had doubted that Imhotep had been a real person- they found it rather difficult to believe the various accomplishments credited to him in the accounts written over a thousand years after he was supposed to have lived. They multiplied in numbers and became very, very strong. This name has been discovered in an inscription of the later, Bubastid period (9th century B.C. Inscriptions on a monument to Horemheb, a pharaoh several years after the Exodus, provide evidence of the story of Joseph’s pharaoh’s invitation to Jacob’s family to come to Egypt and live. March 15, 2010,  Rohl, There is also a picture in the tomb of Tehuti-hetep in Bersheh which has a picture of a herd of Syrian cattle entering Egypt with the inscription: “Once you trod the Syrian sands. Soon after this (we don’t know exactly how soon) he and Sarah went to Egypt because of a famine in Canaan. Genesis 41:47 and 53 tell us that 7 years of plenty came in Egypt, followed by famine. We know that this position held great power, second only to Pharaoh in authority and degree, so it is of little surprise that the sons of Pharaohs … Well, it gets even more familiar as we examine the text of these manuscripts. Pharaoh changes Josephâs name.Â The Asiatics that settled in the Nile delta region spoke Canaanite and West Semitic dialects that would be very similar if not identical to ancient Hebrew.Â Thus,there would have been no need to change Josephâs name, and if it were changed the new name would be easily translated into Hebrew.Â Instead, Pharaoh gives Joseph an Egyptian name, âZaphnath-paaneahâ. Let’s look at a few passages from this inscription and compare them with the Biblical account, keeping in mind that this was written a millenium after the events it claims to be describing: 1. Those who advocate a revision of orthodox Egyptian chronology are admittedly in the minority, but their credentials and scholarship are highly esteemed. This was partially true since she was his half-sister, but she was also his wife. Your email address will not be published. 31 For he was wiser… and his fame was in all nations round about. A great deal has been written about this complex, and most mention the uniqueness of it- something they cannot explain. 7, April 1994). PRO 23:1 When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what is before thee: God used Joseph to establish in Egypt a safe haven for the growth and development of the “seed of Abraham” until they were ready to be delivered into the land God had promised them. In the new chronology, the Middle Kingdom period is moved later by approximately two hundred years, with the exodus occurring at the end of the thirteenth dynasty under the Pharaoh Dudimose (Manethoâs Tutimaos).Â With this adjustment, Rohl places the birth of Moses in the reign of Neferhotep I and his upbringing under Sebekhotep IV.Â Consequently, the enslavement of the Hebrews by the, âPharaoh who did not know Josephâ, would have taken place under Sobekhotep III or shortly before.Â Of interest is the fact that Rohl identifies the vizier of Sobekhotep III as Iymeru II, or Ephraim, son of Ephraim, son of Joseph. Aling, There is an Egyptian vizier known as âAnkuâ who served from the reign of Amenemhat III through to the reign of Sobekhotep I in the thirteenth dynasty. Part of the inscription states the pharaoh dedicated some of the land and taxation to the god. Topic#: 00717 from WWW.GODSAIDMANSAID.COM. Does this fit what we know of Joseph? August 11, 2019. This statement indicates that the concept of a “proverb” was known to the ancient peoples. When the pharaoh figured out the cause for these inflictions, he called Abraham to account, asking him why he lied to him about Sarah. So here we have an inscription which tells a story of pharaoh Djoser asking his vizier, Imhotep, to help him with the problem of a great 7 year famine. At the age of six,2 he left Haran along with his family and journeyed to the land of Canaan, eventually settling in Hebron.Jacob displayed extra affection to Joseph, who was born to his fatherâs old age, presenting him with a specially-crafted garment. In this earlier tomb, which is similar to the preceding dynasties as Sakkara, there are clay sealings of jars which record Djoser’s name, his mother’s name, and the names of numerous other officials from his reign- but not Imhotep’s, which indicates that he hadn’t been appointed to his position yet. Copyright Â© 2021 Wyatt Archaeological Research. There are many details in the Joseph story that areconsistent with what we know about Egypt in the Middle Kingdom and SecondIntermediate Period (2000-1500 BC in the orthodox chronology). Joseph and PharaohâHistory and Archaeology Give a Big Thumbs Up! Your email address will not be published. And while this wisdom was revered by the Egyptians and carried down through the ages by their sages who copied some of his writings, (claiming it as their own), some of these same “wisdom sayings” were recorded by some of Joseph’s descendants over 700 years later, and ultimately were preserved for us in the Book of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Psalms. Joseph is made the Chief Steward of the King, a role that historically There are several other items concerning Imhotep which continue to fit the Biblical account. In the inscription, Imhotep answers the pharaoh about the god of the Nile and tells him where he lives. 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